MILTON L. McPHERSON, M.D.; STEVEN P. PRINCE, M.D.; EROL P. ATAMER, M.D.; DAVID B. MAXWELL, M.D.; HAYDEN ROSS-CLUNIS, B.S.; HERSCHEL L. ESTEP, M.D.
Sixty patients with theophylline toxicity were hospitalized during a 2-year period. Eleven patients had hypercalcemia; their calcium levels returned to normal as theophylline levels fell to therapeutic or subtherapeutic levels. Serum calcium levels also fell significantly in three additional patients with theophylline toxicity, although the initial serum calcium concentration was not outside normal limits. A significant increase in serum calcium levels associated with therapeutic levels of theophylline in normal volunteers was reversed by propranolol. It appears that theophylline causes elevation of serum calcium by a system subject to beta-adrenergic regulation.
McPHERSON ML, PRINCE SP, ATAMER EP, et al. Theophylline-Induced Hypercalcemia. Ann Intern Med. 1986;105:52–54. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-105-1-52
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1986;105(1):52-54.
Endocrine and Metabolism, Fluid and Electrolyte Disorders, Nephrology.
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