GARY S. FRANCIS, M.D.
This content is PDF only. Please click on the PDF icon to access.
Fortunately for the patient with congestive heart failure, the effectiveness of treatment has surpassed our understanding of the pathophysiology of the disease. It is possible that the peripheral vasoconstriction and sodium-retentive abnormalities of heart failure are simply manifestations of man's progressive evolutionary move from saltwater to freshwater to land. Those species that have survived such a series of moves have also evolved elaborate systems to defend extracellular fluid and plasma volume.
Vasoconstriction and sodium retention are appropriate responses to loss of circulating volume. In heart failure, the kidney is, in fact, responding to what it perceives as loss of extracellular
FRANCIS GS. Sodium and Water Excretion in Heart Failure: Efficacy of Treatment Has Surpassed Knowledge of Pathophysiology. Ann Intern Med. ;105:272–274. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-105-2-272
Download citation file:
Published: Ann Intern Med. 1986;105(2):272-274.
Cardiology, Heart Failure.
Results provided by:
Copyright © 2019 American College of Physicians. All Rights Reserved.
Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
Conditions of Use