ROBERT R. SIMON, M.D.; MARK H. HYMAN, M.D.
In 1973, and again in 1978, presidents were installed in coups backed by the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan, a pro-Soviet regime (1). Due to government-sponsored repression, revolts broke out, and Hafezullah Amin, a moderate, assumed power. On December 24, 1979, the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan, Mr. Amin was killed, and Babrak Karmal was installed as president.
At the time of the Soviet invasion, the population of Afghanistan was 16 million (2). Since the invasion, 1 million persons have been killed, and 5 million are now living in refugee camps in Iran and Pakistan (3). This refugee population is the
SIMON RR, HYMAN MH. Establishing Underground Medical Clinics in Rural Afghanistan: The International Medical Corps Experience. Ann Intern Med. ;108:477–480. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-108-3-477
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1988;108(3):477-480.
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