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Epidemiology Explores disease from population data, and cause is a central theme. In 1985 Rothman invited a philosopher, Schlesinger, and several epidemiologic theorists to a symposium on causal inference. It was mainly epistemological, with brief, infelicitous excursions into ontology. It engendered vigorous debate, which is reproduced in these proceedings.
Many supposed that Popper's falsification and deductive testing fill the void left by Hume's demolition of Baconian inductive proof. However, it is unclear whether Popper intended to furnish a working scientific method. His endless harping on a conjecture's shortcomings while ignoring its achievements sits badly in biology, a field of complex
Causal Inference.. Ann Intern Med. 1988;108:915–916. doi: https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-108-6-915_2
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1988;108(6):915-916.
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