DREW J. WINSTON, M.D.; WINSTON G. HO, M.D.; CHENG-HSIEN LIN, D.V.M.; KATHY BARTONI, R.N.; MIRIAM D. BUDINGER, M.D.; ROBERT PETER GALE, M.D., Ph.D.; RICHARD E. CHAMPLIN, M.D.
The effects of high doses of polyvalent intravenous immune globulin given for prophylaxis of cytomegalovirus infection and interstitial pneumonia in recipients of allogeneic marrow transplants were evaluated in a randomized controlled trial. Both symptomatic cytomegalovirus infection (21% compared with 46%, p = 0.03) and interstitial pneumonia (18% compared with 46%, p = 0.02) occurred less frequently in the recipients of intravenous immune globulin than in control patients. Prophylactic intravenous immune globulin was also associated with a lower incidence of graft-versus-host disease (34% in recipients compared with 65% in controls, p = 0.01), but its reduction in rates of interstitial pneumonia was independent of graft-versus-host disease and occurred in both patients with and without graft-versus-host disease. The high doses of immune globulin were well tolerated. Prophylactic intravenous immune globulin can modify the severity of cytomegalovirus infection and prevent interstitial pneumonia and possibly graft-versus-host disease in patients having allogeneic marrow transplantation.
WINSTON DJ, HO WG, LIN C, et al. Intravenous Immune Globulin for Prevention of Cytomegalovirus Infection and Interstitial Pneumonia After Bone Marrow Transplantation. Ann Intern Med. 1987;106:12–18. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-106-1-12
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1987;106(1):12-18.
Hematology/Oncology, Infectious Disease, Interstitial Lung Disease, Pulmonary/Critical Care.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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