NATHAN L. KOBRINSKY, M.D.; R. MERV LETTS, M.D.; LEENA R. PATEL, M.D.; ESTHER D. ISRAELS, M.D.; RONALD C. MONSON, M.D.; NORA SCHWETZ, R.N., B.Sc.; MARY S. CHEANG, M.Math
To evaluate the effect of 1-desamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin (desmopressin) on blood loss in surgery, we conducted a randomized, double-blind trial of the drug in 35 patients with normal hemostatic function who were having spinal fusion with Harrington rod instrumentation. Seventeen patients were designated to receive 10μg/m2 of desmopressin, and 18, to receive a placebo. Preoperative testing showed that desmopressin increased factor VIII coagulant activity, von Willebrand antigen concentrations, glass bead platelet retention, and prothrombin consumption and decreased the partial thromboplastin and bleeding times (p ≤ 0.0003). During surgery, desmopressin reduced blood loss by 32.5% (547 mL; 95% confidence interval [CI], 19 to 1075; p = 0.015) and reduced the need for concentrated erythrocyte transfusions by 25.6% (0.86 units; 95% CI, 0.08 to 1.65; p = 0.022). After surgery, desmopressin reduced the duration of treatment with analgesic agents by 13.1% (34.0 hours; 95% CI, — 5.2 to 72.7; p = 0.105), presumably by decreasing bleeding in the surgical wound. When adjusted for the origin of the scoliosis by two-way analysis of variance, this effect was even more evident (p = 0.014). Multiple regression analysis showed that the best three predictors of blood loss in surgery and transfusion requirements were the bleeding time, glass bead platelet retention, and the use of desmopressin.
KOBRINSKY NL, LETTS RM, PATEL LR, ISRAELS ED, MONSON RC, SCHWETZ N, et al. 1-Desamino-8-D-arginine Vasopressin (Desmopressin) Decreases Operative Blood Loss in Patients Having Harrington Rod Spinal Fusion Surgery: A Randomized, Double-Blinded, Controlled Trial. Ann Intern Med. ;107:446–450. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-107-4-446
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1987;107(4):446-450.
Coagulopathies, Emergency Medicine, Hematology/Oncology, Platelet Disorders, Prevention/Screening.
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