Bernard S. Bloom, PhD; William L. Kissick, MD, DrPH
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Niels Bohr, the Danish 1922 Nobel Laureate in Physics, advanced the theory of complementarity to explain light as a wave or a pulse. Although theories of physics are tested by precise instrumentation, social theories are more subjectively evaluated.
Medicine is usually perceived as a biological science that uses rigorous methods. As we move beyond homeostasis, the double helix, and the principles of the autoimmune system, where do we turn for guidance with economic, political, social, cultural, and techno-scientific parameters of the health care enterprise? Quality, cost, equity, and access become predominant issues in the domain of the soft sciences.
Bloom BS, Kissick WL. Marxism, the Theory of Complementarity, and Medical Care. Ann Intern Med. 1988;109:446–448. doi: https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-109-6-446
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1988;109(6):446-448.
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