American College of Physicians*; American Diabetes Association*; American Academy of Ophthalmology*
Diabetic retinopathy is a highly specific vascular complication of both type I and type II diabetes mellitus. The prevalence of retinopathy is strongly related to the duration of diabetes. By 20 years after the onset of diabetes, nearly all patients with type I diabetes and more than 60% of patients with type II diabetes have some degree of retinopathy. Diabetic retinopathy poses a serious threat to vision. In the Wisconsin Epidemiologic Study of Diabetic Retinopathy (WESDR), 3.6% of patients with "younger-onset" diabetes (<30 years of age at diagnosis and taking insulin; an operational definition of type I diabetes) and 1.6%
American College of Physicians*, American Diabetes Association*, American Academy of Ophthalmology*. Screening Guidelines for Diabetic Retinopathy. Ann Intern Med. ;116:683–685. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-116-8-683
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 1992;116(8):683-685.
Cardiology, Coronary Risk Factors, Diabetes, Endocrine and Metabolism.
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