Ezekiel J. Emanuel, MD, PhD; Anne Wood, MA; Alan Fleischman, MD; Angela Bowen, MD; Kenneth A. Getz, MBA; Christine Grady, RN, PhD; Carol Levine, MA; Dale E. Hammerschmidt, MD; Ruth Faden, PhD, MPH; Lisa Eckenwiler, PhD; Carianne Tucker Muse, MPH; Jeremy Sugarman, MD, MPH, MA
Disclaimer: This paper reflects the deliberations of the Consortium to Examine Clinical Research Ethics. The opinions expressed are the authors' own. They do not reflect any position or policy of the National Institutes of Health, the Public Health Service, the Department of Health and Human Services, the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation, or any of the authors' affiliated institutions.
Grant Support: Work on this manuscript was made possible by a grant to the Consortium to Examine Clinical Research Ethics from the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation.
Potential Financial Conflicts of Interest: None disclosed.
Requests for Single Reprints: Ezekiel J. Emanuel, MD, PhD, Department of Clinical Bioethics, Warren G. Magnuson Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Building 10, Room 1C118, Bethesda, MD 20892-1156; e-mail, email@example.com.
Current Author Addresses: Drs. Emanuel and Grady: Department of Clinical Bioethics, Warren G. Magnuson Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Building 10, Room 1C118, Bethesda, MD 20892-1156.
Ms. Wood: Boalt Hall, University of California, School of Law, Berkeley, California 94720-7200.
Dr. Fleischman: New York Academy of Medicine, 1216 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10029-5293.
Dr. Bowen: Western IRB, 3535 7th Avenue, SW, Olympia, Washington 98502.
Dr. Getz: Thomson CenterWatch, 22 Thompson Place 36T1, Boston, MA 02210.
Dr. Levine: United Hospital Fund, 350 Fifth Avenue, 23rd Floor, New York, NY 10118.
Dr. Hammerschmidt: Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, PO Box 480, Mayo Building, Minneapolis, MN 55455.
Drs. Faden and Sugarman: Phoebe R. Berman Bioethics Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Hampton House 351, 624 N. Broadway, Baltimore, MD 21205.
Dr. Eckenwiler: Department of Philosophy, Old Dominion University, Batten Arts and Letters, Room 401, Norfolk, VA 23529-0083.
Dr. Tucker Muse: Booz, Allen Hamilton, 230 Peachtree Street, Atlanta, GA 30303.
Emanuel EJ, Wood A, Fleischman A, et al. Oversight of Human Participants Research: Identifying Problems To Evaluate Reform Proposals. Ann Intern Med. 2004;141:282–291. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-141-4-200408170-00008
Download citation file:
Published: Ann Intern Med. 2004;141(4):282-291.
Results provided by:
Copyright © 2019 American College of Physicians. All Rights Reserved.
Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
Conditions of Use