Nak-Hyun Kim, MD; Moonsuk Kim, MD; Shinwon Lee, MD; Na Ra Yun, MD; Kye-Hyung Kim, MD; Sang Won Park, MD, PhD; Hong Bin Kim, MD, PhD; Nam-Joong Kim, MD, PhD; Eui-Chong Kim, MD, PhD; Wan Beom Park, MD, PhD; Myoung-don Oh, MD, PhD
Blood culture contamination leads to inappropriate or unnecessary antibiotic use. However, practical guidelines are inconsistent about the routine use of sterile gloving in collection of blood for culture.
To determine whether the routine use of sterile gloving before venipuncture reduces blood culture contamination rates.
Cluster randomized, assessor-blinded, crossover trial (ClinicalTrials.gov registration number: NCT00973063).
Single-center trial involving medical wards and the intensive care unit.
64 interns in charge of collection of blood for culture were randomly assigned to routine-to-optional or optional-to-routine sterile gloving groups for 1854 adult patients who needed blood cultures.
During routine sterile gloving, the interns wore sterile gloves every time before venipuncture, but during optional sterile gloving, sterile gloves were worn only if needed.
Isolates from single positive blood cultures were classified as likely contaminant, possible contaminant, or true pathogen. Contamination rates were compared by using generalized mixed models.
A total of 10 520 blood cultures were analyzed: 5265 from the routine sterile gloving period and 5255 from the optional sterile gloving period. When possible contaminants were included, the contamination rate was 0.6% in routine sterile gloving and 1.1% in optional sterile gloving (adjusted odds ratio, 0.57 [95% CI, 0.37 to 0.87]; P = 0.009). When only likely contaminants were included, the contamination rate was 0.5% in routine sterile gloving and 0.9% in optional sterile gloving (adjusted odds ratio, 0.51 [CI, 0.31 to 0.83]; P = 0.007).
Blood cultures from the emergency department, surgical wards, and pediatric wards were not assessed.
Routine sterile gloving before venipuncture may reduce blood culture contamination.
Kim N, Kim M, Lee S, et al. Effect of Routine Sterile Gloving on Contamination Rates in Blood Culture: A Cluster Randomized Trial. Ann Intern Med. 2011;154:145–151. doi: https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-154-3-201102010-00003
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Published: Ann Intern Med. 2011;154(3):145-151.
Hospital Medicine, Infectious Disease, Pulmonary/Critical Care.
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Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
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