Laura Kettel Khan, PhD; Mary K. Serdula, MD; Barbara A. Bowman, PhD; David F. Williamson, PhD
Requests for Single Reprints:Laura Kettel Khan, PhD, Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, NE, Mailstop K26, Atlanta, GA 30341; e-mail, LDK7@cdc.gov.
Current Author Addresses:Drs. Khan, Serdula, and Bowman: Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, NE, Mailstop K26, Atlanta, GA 30341.
Dr. Williamson: Division of Diabetes Translation, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, NE, Mailstop K26, Atlanta, GA 30341.
Author Contributions:Conception and design: L.K. Khan, M.K. Serdula, B.A. Bowman, D.F. Williamson.
Analysis and interpretation of the data: L.K. Khan, M.K. Serdula, B.A. Bowman, D.F. Williamson.
Drafting of the article: L.K. Khan, M.K. Serdula, B.A. Bowman, D.F. Williamson.
Critical revision of the article for important intellectual content: L.K. Khan, M.K. Serdula, B.A. Bowman, D.F. Williamson.
Final approval of the article: L.K. Khan, M.K. Serdula, B.A. Bowman, D.F. Williamson.
Provision of study materials or patients: L.K. Khan, M.K. Serdula, B.A. Bowman, D.F. Williamson.
Statistical expertise: L.K. Khan.
Pharmacotherapy is recommended for the treatment of obese persons with a body mass index of 30 kg/m2 or higher or a body mass index of at least 27 kg/m2 plus an obesity-related comorbid condition.
To estimate the prevalence of use of prescription weight loss pills in the United States in 1996–1998.
1998 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, a nationally representative telephone survey.
139 779 adults 18 years of age and older.
Self-reported pill use for 1996–1998, body mass index (current and before pill use), age, sex, and race or ethnicity.
The 2-year prevalence of pill use was 2.5% (95% CI, 2.1% to 2.9%), or 4.6 million U.S. adults. Use was higher in women than in men (4.0% vs. 0.9%, respectively) and highest among Hispanic respondents (3.2%). Of pill users, 25% were not overweight (body mass index < 27 kg/m2 before using pills.
Nearly 5 million U.S. adults used prescription weight loss pills in 1996–1998. However, one quarter of users were not overweight, suggesting that weight loss pills may be inappropriately used, especially among women, white persons, and Hispanic persons.
Table 1. Two-Year Prevalence of Use of Prescription Weight Loss Pills among U.S. Adults
Table 2. U.S. Adults Who Used Prescription Weight Loss Pills, according to Body Mass Index before Pill Use
The In the Clinic® slide sets are owned and copyrighted by the American College of Physicians (ACP). All text, graphics, trademarks, and other intellectual property incorporated into the slide sets remain the sole and exclusive property of the ACP. The slide sets may be used only by the person who downloads or purchases them and only for the purpose of presenting them during not-for-profit educational activities. Users may incorporate the entire slide set or selected individual slides into their own teaching presentations but may not alter the content of the slides in any way or remove the ACP copyright notice. Users may make print copies for use as hand-outs for the audience the user is personally addressing but may not otherwise reproduce or distribute the slides by any means or media, including but not limited to sending them as e-mail attachments, posting them on Internet or Intranet sites, publishing them in meeting proceedings, or making them available for sale or distribution in any unauthorized form, without the express written permission of the ACP. Unauthorized use of the In the Clinic slide sets will constitute copyright infringement.
Khan LK, Serdula MK, Bowman BA, Williamson DF. Use of Prescription Weight Loss Pills among U.S. Adults in 1996–1998. Ann Intern Med. ;134:282–286. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-134-4-200102200-00011
Download citation file:
Published: Ann Intern Med. 2001;134(4):282-286.
Results provided by:
Copyright © 2019 American College of Physicians. All Rights Reserved.
Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
Conditions of Use