Remy R. Coeytaux, MD, PhD; John W. Williams Jr., MD, MHS; Rebecca N. Gray, DPhil; Andrew Wang, MD
Surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) is the only treatment known to improve symptoms and survival in patients with severe, symptomatic aortic stenosis. Perioperative mortality, however, is high among many patients for whom SAVR may be indicated. Percutaneous heart valve replacement (PHVR) is an emerging, catheter-based technology that allows for implantation of a prosthetic valve without open heart surgery.
This review describes the available literature on PHVR for aortic stenosis, which comprised 84 published reports representing 76 distinct studies and 2375 unique patients. Successful implantation was achieved in 94% of patients; 30-day survival was 89%. Differences between patients undergoing PHVR and those typically selected for SAVR make full interpretation of these results difficult.
A large, multicenter, randomized, controlled trial comparing PHVR with SAVR or medical management was recently completed, with initial results expected in September 2010. Pending publication of findings from that trial, the available evidence is inadequate to determine the most appropriate clinical role of PHVR or the specific patient populations for whom it might eventually be indicated.
Left. Edwards SAPIEN transcatheter heart valve (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, California). Right. Medtronic CoreValve ReValving aortic bioprosthesis (Medtronic, Minneapolis, Minnesota).
The In the Clinic® slide sets are owned and copyrighted by the American College of Physicians (ACP). All text, graphics, trademarks, and other intellectual property incorporated into the slide sets remain the sole and exclusive property of the ACP. The slide sets may be used only by the person who downloads or purchases them and only for the purpose of presenting them during not-for-profit educational activities. Users may incorporate the entire slide set or selected individual slides into their own teaching presentations but may not alter the content of the slides in any way or remove the ACP copyright notice. Users may make print copies for use as hand-outs for the audience the user is personally addressing but may not otherwise reproduce or distribute the slides by any means or media, including but not limited to sending them as e-mail attachments, posting them on Internet or Intranet sites, publishing them in meeting proceedings, or making them available for sale or distribution in any unauthorized form, without the express written permission of the ACP. Unauthorized use of the In the Clinic slide sets will constitute copyright infringement.
Coeytaux RR, Williams JW, Gray RN, et al. Percutaneous Heart Valve Replacement for Aortic Stenosis: State of the Evidence. Ann Intern Med. 2010;153:314–324. doi: https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-153-5-201009070-00267
Download citation file:
Published: Ann Intern Med. 2010;153(5):314-324.
Cardiology, Valvular Heart Disease.
Results provided by:
Copyright © 2019 American College of Physicians. All Rights Reserved.
Print ISSN: 0003-4819 | Online ISSN: 1539-3704
Conditions of Use