Mohammadhassan Mirbolouk, MD; Paniz Charkhchi, MD; Sina Kianoush, MD, MPH; S.M. Iftekhar Uddin, MBBS, MSPH; Olusola A. Orimoloye, MBBS, MPH; Rana Jaber, PhD; Aruni Bhatnagar, PhD; Emelia J. Benjamin, MD, ScM; Michael E. Hall, MD, MSc; Andrew P. DeFilippis, MD, MSc; Wasim Maziak, MD, PhD; Khurram Nasir, MD MPH; Michael J. Blaha, MD, MPH
Given the rapid adoption of e-cigarettes despite unclear benefits and harms, understanding use patterns, together with those of combustible cigarettes, is important for efforts to safeguard public health. This nationally representative survey assessed demographic patterns of e-cigarette and combustible cigarette use.
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):429-438. doi:10.7326/M17-3440
Kevin Selby, MD, MAS; Christopher D. Jensen, PhD; Jeffrey K. Lee, MD, MAS; Chyke A. Doubeni, MD, MPH; Joanne E. Schottinger, MD; Wei K. Zhao, MPH; Jessica Chubak, PhD; Ethan Halm, MD, MPH; Nirupa R. Ghai, PhD; Richard Contreras, MS; Celette Skinner, PhD; Aruna Kamineni, PhD; Theodore R. Levin, MD; Douglas A. Corley, MD, PhD
The fecal immunochemical test (FIT) is commonly used for colorectal cancer screening. Population-based screening programs use a broad range of FIT positivity thresholds to optimize cancer detection while limiting the number of colonoscopies triggered by positive results. This study examined the balance between cancer detection and screening burden at varying FIT positivity thresholds by using data from 2 large community-based screening programs in California.
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):439-447. doi:10.7326/M18-0244
Emiko Petrosky, MD, MPH; Rafael Harpaz, MD, MPH; Katherine A. Fowler, PhD; Michele K. Bohm, MPH; Charles G. Helmick, MD; Keming Yuan, MS; Carter J. Betz, MS
Although suicide rates have been increasing and are associated with chronic pain, studies have not focused on the burden of chronic pain among suicide decedents. This study used a large multistate database to study the characteristics of chronic pain among suicide decedents.
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):448-455. doi:10.7326/M18-0830
Aaron M. Drucker, MD, ScM; Gaelen P. Adam, MLIS; Valerie Rofeberg, ScM; Abhilash Gazula, MPH; Bryant Smith, MPH; Farah Moustafa, MD; Martin A. Weinstock, MD, PhD; Thomas A. Trikalinos, MD
This network meta-analysis examines the comparative effectiveness and safety of 18 interventions for primary basal cell carcinoma in adults.
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):456-466. doi:10.7326/M18-0678
Andrea C. Tricco, PhD, MSc; Erin Lillie, MSc; Wasifa Zarin, MPH; Kelly K. O'Brien, PhD, BScPT; Heather Colquhoun, PhD; Danielle Levac, PhD, MSc, BScPT; David Moher, PhD, MSc; Micah D.J. Peters, PhD, MA(Q); Tanya Horsley, PhD; Laura Weeks, PhD; Susanne Hempel, PhD; Elie A. Akl, MD, PhD, MPH; Christine Chang, MD, MPH; Jessie McGowan, PhD; Lesley Stewart, PhD, MSc; Lisa Hartling, PhD, MSc, BScPT; Adrian Aldcroft, BA(Hons), BEd; Michael G. Wilson, PhD; Chantelle Garritty, MSc; Simon Lewin, PhD; Christina M. Godfrey, PhD, RN; Marilyn T. Macdonald, PhD, MSN; Etienne V. Langlois, PhD; Karla Soares-Weiser, MD, PhD; Jo Moriarty, MA; Tammy Clifford, PhD, MSc; Özge Tunçalp, MD, PhD, MPH; Sharon E. Straus, MD, MSc
Scoping reviews, a type of knowledge synthesis, follow a systematic approach to map evidence and determine major gaps. This document presents a checklist and explanation for reporting such syntheses—the PRISMA-ScR (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews).
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):467-473. doi:10.7326/M18-0850
Gerald W. Smetana, MD; Joann G. Elmore, MD, MPH; Christoph I. Lee, MD, MS; Risa B. Burns, MD, MPH
The sensitivity of mammography for breast cancer screening is reduced in women with dense breasts. Guidelines differ regarding the benefits and harms of adding supplemental breast ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging for screening in these women. Here, a general internist and a radiologist debate the use of supplemental breast cancer screening for women with dense breasts in general, as well as for a specific patient.
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):474-484. doi:10.7326/M18-1822
Joel Kupfer, MD; Rachel S. Witmer, MHA; Viet Do, DO
The Veterans Affairs Maintaining Internal Systems and Strengthening Integrated Outside Networks Act of 2018 removes barriers to veterans' access to community-based health care providers and permanently establishes the commercial health care marketplace as another provider of health care to veterans. This commentary discusses the implications of expanding private sector health care for veterans on veterans' health care experiences and outcomes and on the Veterans Affairs health system.
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):487-489. doi:10.7326/M18-1539
Katherine Rediger, MSN, CRNP; D.R. Bailey Miles, MD
Limited or uncertain access to adequate food is associated with adverse health consequences. Although federal programs, such as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, aim to improve access to healthy food for low-income Americans, the current benefits are inadequate for many. In this essay, the authors propose cross-sector partnerships between clinical programs and community-based organizations as a promising approach for addressing food insecurity in the United States.
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):490-491. doi:10.7326/M18-1104
Nancy Goler, MD; Amy Conway, MPH; Kelly C. Young-Wolff, PhD, MPH
Marijuana use during pregnancy is increasing, and any adverse effect on mothers and babies remains unclear. In a cohort of pregnant women in the Kaiser Permanente Northern California health system who were universally screened for prenatal substance use by self-report and urine toxicology, the authors examined the co-use of marijuana with other substances of potential misuse.
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):492-493. doi:10.7326/M18-1141
Joshua M. Liao, MD, MSc; Catharine B. Stack, PhD; Steven Goodman, MD, MHS, PhD
Relying solely on P values to interpret study results is widely recognized as suboptimal, but it remains the dominant method of study interpretation in biomedicine. This tutorial discusses issues to consider and misinterpretations to avoid when encountering P values greater than 0.05.
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):485-486. doi:10.7326/M18-2003
Nancy A. Rigotti, MD
The editorialist discusses the findings of Mirbolouk and coworkers' study and the need to monitor the complex and rapidly evolving landscape of alternative tobacco products.
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):494-495. doi:10.7326/M18-2176
Stephen P. Halloran, MBE, MSc
In light of Selby and colleagues' findings, the editorialist believes that maximizing the cancer detection rate within the context of constrained endoscopy resources is a practical objective. However, prevention through adenoma detection, as well as cost-effectiveness, must also be considered.
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):496-497. doi:10.7326/M18-2257
Mark Ilgen, PhD
The editorialist believes that Petrosky and coworkers' findings underscore that suicide prevention should involve improving the availability of effective pain interventions that extend beyond opioids and should be supplemented with mental health treatments for persons with pain and depressive and anxiety-related symptoms.
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):498-499. doi:10.7326/M18-2330
Brittany O. Dulmage, MD; Shuai Xu, MD, MSc
The editorialists discuss Drucker and colleagues' findings and outline the gaps in our knowledge about the best way to treat patients with basal cell carcinoma.
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):500-501. doi:10.7326/M18-2286
Stephanie Chang, MD, MPH
Tricco and coworkers engaged 26 experts across the globe and used a structured Delphi approach to examine and adapt the 27 PRISMA items for application to scoping reviews. The editorialist discusses the definition of scoping reviews in relation to systematic reviews and highlights examples of scoping reviews.
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):502-503. doi:10.7326/M18-2205
Jenny C. Dohlman, MD
How do you quell someone's fears about dying, provide comfort, and evaluate their physical state in a span of 180 seconds?
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):504-505. doi:10.7326/M18-1730
Mary Beth Schaeffer, BA
I have not been one of those “averagey” stage IV patients who died within 3 years.
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):506. doi:10.7326/M18-0289
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):507-508. doi:10.7326/L18-0028
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):508-509. doi:10.7326/L18-0036
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):509-510. doi:10.7326/L18-0430
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):510. doi:10.7326/L18-0431
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):510-511. doi:10.7326/L18-0369
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):511-512. doi:10.7326/L18-0370
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):512. doi:10.7326/L18-0371
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):512-513. doi:10.7326/L18-0372
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):513. doi:10.7326/L18-0373
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):514. doi:10.7326/L18-0458
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):514-515. doi:10.7326/L18-0459
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):514. doi:10.7326/L18-0460
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):515-516. doi:10.7326/L18-0461
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):516. doi:10.7326/L18-0462
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):516. doi:10.7326/L18-0483
Rebekka E. DePew
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):489. doi:10.7326/M18-1351
Susan A. Glod, MD
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):506. doi:10.7326/M17-2486
Alice Y. Guh, MD, MPH; Preeta K. Kutty, MD, MPH
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):ITC49-ITC64. doi:10.7326/AITC201810020
Darren B. Taichman, MD, PhD
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):ED7. doi:10.7326/AFED201810020
Robert M. Centor, MD; Rachael A. Lee, MD
In this episode of Annals On Call, Dr. Centor interviews Dr. Rachael A. Lee to try to help listeners untangle the confusion around qSOFA and SIRS, 2 tools to help clinicians decide if a patient has sepsis.
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):OC1. doi:10.7326/A18-0005
Lucia Briatore, MD, PhD; Ilaria Pozzi
Annals Graphic Medicine brings together original graphic narratives, comics, animation/video, and other creative forms by those who provide or receive health care. They address medically relevant topics—whether they be poignant, thought-provoking, or just plain entertaining.
Ann Intern Med. 2018;169(7):W30-W32. doi:10.7326/G18-0002
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